VADDA GHALLUGHARA, a major ONE DAY holocoast that took place in 1762 was a battle between Ahmed Shah Burrani and Dal Khalsa led by Sardar Jassa Singh Ahlluwalia, commander-in-chief of the Dal. This was yet another attempt by the mughal empire to wipe out the ever feared yet revered Sikh Nation resulting in a death Toll of Approx 30,00 Sikhs, mainly women and children. Chotta Ghalughara, the smaller holocoast which had happened in 1746 has also killed approc 10,000 Sikhs .
is how a one-day battle between the Dal Khalsa and Ahmad Shah Durrani fought on 5 February 1762 with a heavy toll of life is remembered in Sikh history. Sardar Jassa Singh Ahluwalia the commander-in-chief of the Dal, decided that all the misls combining to form a single force should make a cordon around the vahir and start moving towards Barnala, 40 km to the southwest, with the agents of the Malva chiefs acting as guides. Thus “fighting while moving and moving while fighting,” says Ratan Singh Bhangu, Prachin Panth Prakash,“ they kept the vahir marching, covering it as a hen covers its chickens under its wings.” On several occasions, the Shah’s troops broke the cordon and butchered the helpless non-combatants, but every time the Sikh warriors rallied and pushed back the attackers. By early afternoon they reached a big pond, the first they had come across since the morning. The fighting stopped automatically as the two forces fell pell-mell, man and animal, upon the water to quench their thirst and relax their tired limbs. The battle was not resumed. The Sikhs marched off towards Barnala and Ahmad Shah thought it prudent not to pursue them in the little-known semi-desert with an army that had had no rest during the past two days, and had suffered considerable loss of life in the day-long battle.